You are currently browsing the tag archive for the ‘Law and Order’ tag.

qrcode.29948785Although cases have to be brought to court when the law is breached, ideally a society should maintain law and order without having recourse to the courts. Crucial in this respect are the forces of internal security. Chief among these are the police, whose primary duty is vigilance to ensure that criminal activities are prevented or limited. With increasing criminal activity, the police find it difficult to fulfill this function, and are instead involved more in crime detection. In such cases, it also falls to the police to prepare evidence and present it in the courts, under the guidance of government lawyers wherever necessary.

Meanwhile, some of the functions carried out by the police at a stage when society was less complex have now been handed over to private security organisations. These hardly existed half a century ago, but now many government officers, private firms and even private houses, have security guards on a scale which was not thought of as necessary some decades ago. We can see then that internal security, which was considered primarily a function of government, is now perceived as a joint responsibility.

It should be noted that the preventive role of the police has increased in other respects. For instance, some years ago traffic control was not a major responsibility of the police. Now, with increased movement of people and greater use of vehicles, ensuring adherence to traffic regulations, and interpreting them in difficult situations, has become a primary responsibility of the police. Though this may seem a far cry from the security-related functions of the police, maintaining order in this area is vital for the smooth functioning of society.

There are many other government agencies that also contribute to security. Customs and excise officials have always been an integral component of financial and legal security, and their role has expanded with the expansion of criminal activity in areas such as narcotics and terrorism. But there are also agents of other ministries and government departments, such as the Consumer Protection Authority or the Public Health Department, who have a vital role to play in maintaining security. With the development of society and the need for security in new areas, the work of organisations such as environmental protection agencies will increase in importance. It will be necessary for governments to strengthen their preventive role.

Finally, all over the world in the last few decades, greater attention is being paid to what is known as Community Policing. This is connected with the idea I began with in this section, that the police, as the guarantors of law and order in a community, should also play a part in forstalling problems. This can be done through greater involvement in society. Working together with leading members of the community, and also the vulnerable, will help to establish a set of norms, which will not be easy for individuals to violate.

Judicial Independence

Of the institutions and individuals noted above, some clearly belong to the government in the narrow sense of the term, that is, the executive. For instance, in addition to the police, the attorney general, the legal draughtsman and their departments fulfill executive functions, and therefore, they usually come under the authority of the executive head of government or his or her representative. Read the rest of this entry »

Advertisements

Prince 1It is not likely that the President will be awakened swiftly from the enchantment cast upon him by his closest advisers. However, if and when he does realize that a change is essential if he is to preserve not just his legacy, but even perhaps his Presidency, he has some obviously desirable remedies to hand.

For though the Parliamentary Select Committee has thus far achieved nothing, it has had some very sensible proposals brought before it by moderates within government. The Liberal Party made suggestions made on its experience of acting as a link between successive governments and representatives of Tamil parties, but even more important were the suggestions made by Vasantha Senanayake on behalf of a group of young politicians and professionals. Subsequently the Liberal Party, after studying the proposals, wrote to the PSC endorsing them.

Vasantha was the scion of a great political family. His great grandfather D S Senanayake had been Sri Lanka’s first Prime Minister, and his great uncle Dudley had been elected Prime Minister three times. Both had presided over Cabinets with representation from popular Tamil political parties.

Vasantha however had left the United National Party, which his great grand father had founded, and now sat in Parliament as a member of the Sri Lanka Freedom Party, to which the President belonged. He, like many other promising youngsters, had been sidelined by Ranil Wickremesinghe, who had, on the pattern of his mother’s cousin, J R Jayewardene, wanted absolute control of his party, and thought ability less important than personal loyalty. Read the rest of this entry »

Rajiva Wijesinha

April 2019
M T W T F S S
« Dec    
1234567
891011121314
15161718192021
22232425262728
2930  
Advertisements
%d bloggers like this: