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I looked earlier at 8 oft expressed concerns with regard to the conflict in Sri Lanka. Most of them related to the post-conflict situation, though I dealt with a couple that related to the previous period too. Perhaps the harshest criticisms belong to that period, so I will look now at more of those.

9. Concerns were expressed that the Sri Lankan forces systematically targeted hospitals. It has been claimed that this was done in spite of the ICRC having clearly provided information as to the situation of hospitals, including several hospitals set up on a makeshift basis by the LTTE. It has even been claimed that the forces targeted such hospitals immediately such information was given.

a) Puthukkudiyirippu (PTK)

The shrine room at PTK hospital

There were no allegations at all with regard to attacks on hospitals from the commencement of the conflict until the beginning of 2009. With regard to the main hospital in the area east of Kilinochchi, that at Puthukkudiyirippu, there were only two allegations of attacks on it between the beginning of January and the closure of the hospital. The first was on January 12th, when Tamilnet claimed that one person was killed when the ‘hospital premises and its environs came under artillery fire’. After that there was nothing till the very end of January, when several claims were made, though according to the American State Department Report, ‘According to satellite imagery taken on January 28, the Puthukkudiyirippu Hospital did not appear to show visible damage and appeared to be functioning’.

After the incident on January 12th, the ICRC records only one shell hitting ‘the southern end of the compound of the hospital’ which led to ‘1 killed and 4 injured civilians’ on February 1st. It must be noted that several sources record the LTTE firing from very near the hospital, so the fact that the hospital was hit only twice in three weeks in retaliatory firing shows comparative precision on the part of the forces.

And it should be noted that the LTTE was also accused of firing directly onto the hospital itself, for characteristically insidious motives. The University Teachers for Human Rights reported that ‘The Government we learn did not want the Hospital moved as they hoped to be in control of Puthukkudiyiruppu soon. The LTTE on the other hand wanted it moved so that it would have some assistance for its injured.

When the Hospital was hit for the fourth time on 2nd February at 6.40 PM or on a subsequent occasion, the hospital staff and the people around soon became quite sure that it was this time the LTTE that fired. Our sources do not have direct evidence, but the LTTE is linked to the people and information that filters down has considerable authority for them.’   Read the rest of this entry »

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Rajiva Wijesinha

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